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Disorders of the heart and circulatory system are covered under the medical specialty of cardiology. Congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease, and electrophysiology are among the medical diagnoses and treatments covered by this discipline. Cardiologists, a subspecialty of internal medicine, are doctors who specialise in this area of medicine. Cardiologists who specialise in treating children are known as paediatric cardiologists. Cardiothoracic surgeons and cardiac surgeons are medical professionals that specialise in cardiac surgery. They are both subspecialties of general surgery.

Cardiology, Percutaneous trans-luminal coronary angioplasty, Treatment of congenital heart defects, Pericardiocentesis, Coronary artery disease, Placement of stent, Myocardial infarction, Valvuloplasty, Insertion of pacemaker, Embolic protection, Facets of diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease, Imaging technologies and electrophysiology, Malfunctioning of cardiac valves, Congenital heart defects, Hypertension associated heart problems, Medical and surgical aspects of heart and its diseases, Cardiomyopathy, Cardiac electrophysiology, Coronary artery disease, Clinical cardiac electrophysiology, Interventional cardiology, Adult congenital heart disease, Coronary circulation, Cardiac arrhythmia, Cardiac arrest, Tetralogy of Fallot, Pulmonary atresia, Double outlet right ventricle, Diagnostic tests in cardiology

Congenital heart defects: CHDs can alter a baby’s heart’s shape and function, and they are present at birth. They may have an impact on the heart’s ability to pump blood throughout the body.

Cardiomyopathy: Heart muscle disorder known as cardiomyopathy makes it more difficult for the heart to pump blood throughout the body. Heart failure can be caused by cardiomyopathy. Dilated, hypertrophic, and restricted cardiomyopathies are the three primary subtypes of cardiomyopathy.

Cardiac arrest: When the heart abruptly and suddenly stops beating, it is said to be in cardiac arrest. It is a medical emergency that, in the absence of rapid treatment, would cause abrupt cardiac death in a matter of minutes. Until more therapy can be given, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and potentially defibrillation are required. Rapid losses of consciousness and irregular or absent breathing are symptoms of cardiac arrest.

Cardiac arrhythmia: Arrhythmias sometimes referred to as cardiac, heart, or dysrhythmias, are abnormalities in the heartbeat, such as when it beats too quickly or too slowly. Adults with an excessively fast resting heart rate (above 100 beats per minute) are said to have tachycardia, while those with an excessively slow resting heart rate (below 60 beats per minute) are said to have bradycardia.

Coronary circulation: The movement of blood through the blood arteries that nourish the heart muscle is known as coronary circulation (myocardium). The heart muscle receives oxygenated blood from the coronary arteries. After the blood has been deoxygenated, cardiac veins remove it.

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