Nursing practice: A caring-based profession in which human experiences of health and illness are treated through methods for diagnosis and therapy. Depending on the specialty represented by the certification, the nursing profession could involve direct or indirect patient care in clinical practice, nursing administration, education, research, or consultation. Autonomous and collaborative care of persons of all ages, families, groups, and communities, sick or well, and in all situations is included in the definition of nursing practice. National nursing associations set specific practice standards and codes of ethics to define the scope of nursing practice further. Federal and state organizations also govern the range of nursing practice.
Nursing research: Research in nursing is evidence-based and utilized to support nursing practices. From Florence Nightingale’s time till the present, nursing has evolved into an evidence-based field. In addition to their employment in hospital settings, many nurses now hold research positions in universities.
Nursing education: Nursing education” describes formal instruction and preparation in nursing. This encompasses the tasks and responsibilities involved in providing physical care for patients and the integration of several disciplines that both hastens the patient’s recovery from illness and aid in maintaining it. The main goal of nursing education is to inform medical professionals about efficient patient care delivery methods. It instructs nurses on examining patients, providing various medications, and providing the best care possible. The advancement of the nursing profession is the goal of nursing education.
Midwifery: The health science and profession known as midwifery deal with women’s sexual and reproductive health throughout their lives, as well as during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Midwifery is a medical profession in several nations. A person who performs midwifery professionally is known as a midwife.
Nursing management: The practice of leadership roles in governance and decision-making within businesses that employ nurses is referred to as nursing management. It comprises management-wide procedures like staffing, planning, organizing, directing, and managing. To prepare for leadership positions within the nursing field, registered nurses frequently pursue further study to obtain a Master of Science in Nursing or Doctor of Nursing Practice. Candidates for management roles are increasingly expected to have advanced nursing degrees.
Emergency Nursing: Within the discipline of professional nursing, emergency nursing is a specialization that focuses on providing care for patients who need immediate medical intervention to prevent permanent damage or death. Emergency nurses increasingly provide care for patients who visit emergency rooms for assistance because they are unable or unwilling to receive primary medical care elsewhere, in addition to attending to “real emergencies.” In actuality, only a small portion of patients in emergency rooms (ED) suffer from life-threatening diseases such as heart attack, stroke, or significant trauma. Additionally, emergency room nurses care for patients who are very intoxicated by alcohol or drugs, have behavioral or psychiatric issues, or have been sexually assaulted.
Community Health Nursing: Community nursing is the practice of providing nursing care outside of acute hospitals, such as in homes, offices for general practitioners, community hospitals, jails, schools, and nursing homes. A population-focused, community-oriented strategy called “community health nursing” aims to prevent disease, disability, and early death in a population and promote overall population health.
Orthopedic Nursing: Musculoskeletal problems are the subject of the specialty of orthopedic nursing. Orthopedic conditions can range from acute concerns like fractures or hospitalization for joint replacement to chronic systemic diseases like lupus erythematosus or bone density loss.
Neonatal Nursing: A subspecialty of nursing care for newborn infants up to 28 days after birth is called neonatal nursing. The words “newborn” and “about birth or origin” are the roots of the word “neonatal.” Treating newborns with various issues requires a high level of expertise, dedication, and emotional fortitude from neonatal nurses. Prematurity, birth deformities, infection, heart anomalies, and surgical complications are a few of these issues. In addition, as essential members of the neonatal care team, neonatal nurses must be familiar with infant resuscitation techniques, be able to regulate a newborn’s body temperature, and start cardiopulmonary and pulse oximetry monitoring.
Home Care: In contrast to the care delivered in group settings like clinics or nursing homes, home care (sometimes spelled home care) is health or supportive care provided by a professional caregiver in the specific home where the patient or client resides. Domiciliary care, social care, or in-home cares are other terms for homecare. It entails a wide range of duties, including assistance with daily living for ill, disabled, or elderly people, as well as paramedical care supplied by nurses.