Oral Biology: Molecular biology and genetics, microbiology and immunology, genomics, biochemistry, biophysics, craniofacial development, pharmacology, physiology, and cancer biology are all included in the vast field of oral biology.
Dental Diseases: Cavities (tooth decay), gum disease (periodontitis), and oral cancer are some of the most prevalent illnesses affecting oral health. In the past year, more than 40% of individuals reported experiencing oral pain; by the time they are 34, more than 80% of people will have experienced at least one cavity.
Operative Dentistry: Operative dentistry is the area of dentistry that focuses on the art and science of diagnosing diseases or trauma to the dentition as well as their prevention, treatment, and prognosis. It entails performing treatments and restorations to improve the patient’s facial aesthetics, staff and time usage, and efficiency in repairing teeth via endodontic treatment.
Oral Microbiology: The study of mouth microorganisms (microbiota) and how they interact with one another and the host is known as oral microbiology. The environment in the human mouth is conducive to developing the unique bacteria that live there.
Filling Materials and Techniques: There are numerous dental filling materials available today. Gold, porcelain, silver amalgam (mercury combined with silver, tin, zinc, and copper), tooth-colored plastic, and composite resin fillings are all options for filling teeth. The most popular type of dental filling is a composite one. They are constructed of quartz or glass embedded in resin.
Dental Crowns: Dental crowns are tooth-shaped “caps” that fit over your natural teeth. Think of it as a tight-fitting tooth cap. The tooth’s original size, shape, strength, and appearance are restored by the crown. Metals, porcelain, resin, and ceramics can all be used to create dental crowns. Over time, they normally only need frequent, decent oral hygiene and no extra maintenance.
Dental Bridges: A dental bridge uses artificial teeth to replace lost ones permanently. The teeth on either side of the gap serve as the bridge’s anchoring. Typically, bridges are composed of zirconia, porcelain, metal, or a combination of the two. They are set in situ and provide an alternative to dentures for some people.
Dental Biomaterials: Biomaterials are substances created to interact with biological systems to treat, improve, or replace biological processes. Metals, ceramics, and polymers are the three categories into which biomaterials are typically divided. Right now, the most popular dental materials are zirconia, titanium alloys, and resin composites.
Periodontology: Periodontology, often known as periodontics, is the area of dentistry that focuses on the tissues that support teeth and the diseases and conditions that can harm them. The periodontium, which also comprises the gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum, and periodontal ligament, is the name for the supporting tissues.
Dental Implantology: Dental specialty deals with the long-term placement or attachment of dental prosthetics in the jaw. Dental implantology focuses on providing missing tooth patients with restorative care, mainly through assisting patients in replacing their missing teeth with dental implants. You can ascertain how dental implants function and whether dental implants are the best option for you by thoroughly understanding dental implantology.