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Clinical medicine: The practice and study of medicine based on the direct examination of the patient is the main focus of the medical field known as clinical medicine. In contrast, other scientific disciplines place a greater emphasis on the concepts and fundamentals of medicine.

Epidemiologic studies: Epidemiology is referred to as the area of medicine that studies the occurrence, distribution, causes, symptoms, and management of disease in a population. Epidemiologic investigations are the cornerstone of illness control and prevention because they monitor the disease’s prevalence, describe its natural history, and pinpoint its determinants or causes. It identifies disease-related risk factors and targets for preventive medication.

Cardiology: Cardiology is a branch of internal medicine that focuses on treating heart diseases. It addresses concerns such as diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, electrophysiology, heart failure, and valvular heart disease. Cardiac electrophysiology, nuclear cardiology, interventional cardiology, and echocardiography are some of the subspecialties in cardiology.

Gastroenterology: Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine that deals with digestive system issues. This field of medicine focuses on conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract, which comprises the tissues that run along the alimentary canal from the mouth to the Oesophagus. Gastroenterologists are the name given to these doctors.

Clinical neurology: The area of medicine that deals with problems of the neurological system. The areas of medicine that focus on nonsurgical procedures. Clinical neuroscience investigates ways to heal people whose neural systems have been harmed as well as how to cure and prevent neurological diseases.

Oncology: An area of medicine known as oncology studies, treats, diagnoses, and prevents cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who specializes in oncology. The term derives from the Greek word o, which can signify “tumor,” “volume,” or “bulk.”

Endocrinology: A field of biology and medicine called endocrinology studies the endocrine system’s disorders and its unique hormone-producing discharges. For our daily survival, hormones are necessary. They regulate our growth, emotion, stress, sleep, and many other factors.

Hematology: Hematology is the study of blood and blood-related conditions. Hematologists and hematopathologists are medical experts with significant expertise in blood and blood component disorders. These are made up of blood cells and bone marrow. The area of medicine known as hematology is dedicated to the research of blood-related disorders, including their causes, prognoses, treatments, and prevention.

Urology: The field of medicine known as urology, commonly referred to as genitourinary surgery, is dedicated to treating surgical and medical conditions affecting the urinary tract and reproductive systems. The kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urine bladder, urethra, and male reproductive organs are among the organs that fall under the purview of urology.

Pulmonology: A field of medicine that focuses on identifying and treating conditions affecting the lungs and other respiratory system organs. These illnesses include pneumonia, TB, emphysema, and asthma. A medical specialty known as pulmonology, pneumology, or pneumonology treats respiratory tract illnesses. In some nations and regions, it is also known as respirology, respiratory medicine, or chest medicine.

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